Monsoon Illnesses: Causes & Prevention

Monsoon season creates favorable conditions for the spread of various infectious diseases due to increased humidity, stagnant water, and a rise in mosquito and insect population which includes:

1. Water borne diseases:

Diseases like cholera, typhoid, and gastroenteritis are common during the monsoon. Contaminated water sources become breeding grounds for harmful bacteria and viruses, leading to severe gastrointestinal infections.

2. Vector-borne Diseases:

The proliferation of mosquitoes during the monsoon contributes to the spread of diseases such as dengue, malaria, and chikungunya. These mosquitoes breed in stagnant water, which accumulates after heavy rains.

3. Respiratory Infections:

Monsoon can trigger respiratory illnesses, such as colds, flu, and pneumonia, due to the high moisture content in the air. The damp environment also promotes the growth of mold and mildew, which can exacerbate allergies and asthma.

4. Fungal Infections:

Fungi thrive in moist environments, leading to skin infections like ringworm, athlete's foot, and fungal nail infections during the monsoon.

5. Leptospirosis:

This bacterial infection spreads through contact with contaminated water or soil. People wading through flooded areas or engaging in water-related activities are at risk.

6. Viral Hepatitis:

Hepatitis A and E are water borne diseases commonly seen during the monsoon, transmitted through the consumption of contaminated food and water.

To protect you and your families from various health concerns that arise during the monsoon season, here are the Do’s and Don'ts:

Do’s in Monsoon Season

1. Prevention through Hygiene:

Practicing good personal hygiene, like washing hands frequently, helps prevent the transmission of monsoon-borne diseases.

2. Drink Safe Water:

Boiling, filtering, or using water purification methods ensures safe drinking water and reduces the risk of waterborne infections.

3. Prevent Water Stagnation

Eliminating stagnant water around homes, gardens, and construction sites helps in reducing mosquito breeding sites.

4. Vitamin C rich diet

Vitamin C strengthens immunity and well-being. Increasing your vitamin C intake helps you fight against diseases and infections. Jamun is a popular monsoon fruit loaded with Vitamin C. In addition to consuming Jamun, add leafy vegetables such as spinach and kale to your meal to fight against monsoon illnesses

5. Immunizations:

Ensuring vaccinations are up-to-date, particularly for diseases like typhoid, hepatitis, and flu, can provide added protection during the monsoon.

6. Get medical assistance right away

If any symptoms of infection or illness appear such as flu, high fever, vomiting, body pains and alike, seeking prompt medical attention can lead to early diagnosis and effective treatment.

Don’ts in Monsoon in Season

1. Don't consume street food and untreated water:

During the monsoon, there is an increased risk of food and water contamination. Avoid eating street food and drinking untreated water to prevent gastrointestinal illnesses.

2. Don't ignore water leakage and dampness in your home:

Water leakage and dampness can promote the growth of mold and fungi, leading to respiratory issues and allergies. Fix any leaks and keep your home dry.

3. Avoid staying in damp clothes:

Wet clothes can lead to skin infections and other health issues. Change into dry clothes as soon as possible after getting wet in the rain.Do not let water stagnate in places in and around your house- breeding ground for mosquitoes

4. Avoid going to crowded places if you are unwell:

During the monsoon, there is an increased risk of infections spreading in crowded areas. If you are feeling unwell, it's best to avoid crowded places to prevent the spread of illnesses.

5. Don't self-medicate for monsoon-related illnesses:

If you experience any health issues during the monsoon season, consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment instead of relying on self-medication.

Zoi Multispeciality Hospital

Zoi’s experienced general physicians are here to help you fight against monsoon illnesses with our utmost care and expert treatment. Although flu, cold, fever etc are common during monsoon season, do not ignore the symptoms. For early diagnosis and effective treatment, visit Zoi Multispeciality Hospital, conveniently located in Ameerpet and Attapur without any delay.


We offer comprehensive health check-up packages to check the overall functioning of different body systems. Below are more than 15 of the packages that we offer.

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